General Orientation


describes an outward orientation toward people and things.

A person who favors extraversion is likely to study in a group where they can process thoughts externally through dialogue with others. They often speak using a fast pace, expressive tones, and large gestures. Extraverts often find that too much alone time can be draining and they need to be around people to recharge. A person with a preference for extraversion benefits from using others as a sounding board to help them clarify and make decisions.


describes an inward orientation toward ideas and concepts.

A person who favors introversion is likely to study alone in a quiet place where they can process thoughts inside their head. They tend to speak using a moderate pace, quiet voice and minimal gesturing. They appreciate silence even around others. Introverts often find being around others is draining and they need alone time to recharge. A person with a preference for introversion needs their personal space to think clearly and make decisions.

Note: The terms extraversion and introversion represent a natural out-flowing and in-flowing of energy which cycles back and forth in different relative amounts for each individual. An extraverted person may desire alone time to decompress and an introverted person may talk enthusiastically among close friends who have common interests. Many people enjoy interacting with others in small doses and do not have a strong preference for extraversion or introversion. Only the relative predominance of one mental mechanism over the other constitutes a psychological type preference.

General Orientation

Extraversion/ Introversion

Psychological Type Preference - Extraversion and Introversion

Modes of Operation

Planned/ Spontaneous

Psychological Type Preference - Planned and Spontaneous

Information Gathering

Hands-On/ Theoretical

Psychological Type Preference - Hands-On and Theoretical

Making Decisions

Objective/ Subjective

Psychological Type Preference - Objective and Subjective