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Mental Mechanisms

Carl Jung devised the theory of psychological types. His goal was to reveal the mental mechanisms at work within us.
Now that you’ve taken the personality assessment,
let’s take a closer look at these mental mechanisms.

Download Personality Academy Worksheet

Carl Jung devised the theory of psychological types. His goal was to reveal the mental mechanisms at work within us.
Now that you’ve taken the personality assessment,
let’s take a closer look at these mental mechanisms.

Download Personality Academy Worksheet

Carl Jung devised the theory of psychological types. His goal was to reveal the mental mechanisms at work within us.

reveal Jung's mental mechanisms

Now that you’ve taken the personality assessment,
let’s take a closer look at these mental mechanisms.

Download Personality Academy Worksheet

Read the front and back of the cards below. Hover your cursor over a card to view the backside and move your cursor away to return to the frontside.
General Orientation – Extraversion and Introversion
Extraverted Orientation
A person who favors extraversion is likely to study in a group where they can process thoughts externally through dialogue with others. Extraverts often find that too much alone time can be draining and they need to be around people to recharge.

Extraversion: describes an outward orientation toward people and things.

Introverted Orientation
A person who favors introversion is likely to study alone in a quiet place where they can process thoughts inside their head. Introverts often find that being around large groups of people can be draining and they need alone time to recharge.
Introversion: describes an inward orientation toward ideas and concepts.
Modes of Operation – Planned and Spontaneous
Planned Mode of Operation
Someone who favors a planned approach will typically pack in advance for a trip. They like to have decisions made and bring things to closure. They find schedules and routines comforting. They crave consistency and enjoy being prepared.
Planned: describes a more structured way of operating within the world.
Spontaneous Mode of Operation
Someone who favors a spontaneous approach will pack at the very last minute for a trip. They like to make decisions as circumstances unfold and leave options open. They find schedules and routines restricting. They crave variety and enjoy improvising.
Spontaneous: describes a more “see what comes” way of operating within the world.
Information Gathering – Hands-On and Theoretical
Hands-On Gathering of Information
A person who favors hands-on gathering of information using their five senses likes to put pieces together one step at a time and “get their hands dirty”. They trust only what they can see, hear, touch, taste, and smell. They tend to focus on “what is” right now in the present moment.
Hands-On: describes a concrete way of gathering information, using the 5 senses.
Theoretical Gathering of Information
A person who favors theoretical gathering of information by means of insights likes to put pieces together from all directions at once and use their imagination. They see patterns and possibilities everywhere. They tend to direct their attention towards “what could be” in the future.
Theoretical: describes an abstract, intuitive way of gathering information, using insights and patterns.
Making Decisions – Objective and Subjective
Making Decisions Objectively
Individuals who prefer making decisions objectively seek clarity and have a sincere need to evaluate and improve. They are likely to point out flaws in a movie, a book, or an argument. They are able to detach from their emotions to make decisions based on logic and impersonal facts.
Objective: describes a decision-making mode that is based on logic and impersonal facts.
Making Decisions Subjectively
Individuals who prefer making decisions subjectively seek harmony and need to know that others care how they feel. Their strong empathy for others compels them to make decisions based on values and personal impact. They consider the quality of their own feelings in making decisions.
Subjective: describes a decision-making mode that is based on values and personal impact.
Everyone possesses both mechanisms, extraversion as well as introversion, and only the relative predominance of one over the other determines the type.
Carl Jung
Psychological Types p.4
Outer circumstances and inner disposition frequently favor one mechanism and restrict or hinder the other.
Carl Jung
Psychological Types p.6

mental mechanisms and personality styles lays the foundation

All that you have learned about the personality styles and mental mechanisms represents a solid foundation of knowledge upon which to build.

New concepts and applications will be introduced in the next lesson.

Let’s wrap up Lesson 1 with a homework assignment that will provide valuable insights needed for Lesson 2.

mental mechanisms and personality styles lays the foundation

All that you have just learned about the personality styles and mental mechanisms represents a solid foundation of knowledge upon which to build.

New concepts and applications will be introduced in the next lesson.

Let’s wrap up Lesson 1 with a homework assignment that will provide valuable insights needed for Lesson 2.